Amicuk Programming Answers

Audio Levels

-0001-11-30   Views:0


I now I can boost the audio levels in the timeline but what is a good range for the recorded audio levels when they first come in to FCP ? I have footage that's coming in at -2.4 dbs and peaking a little above that and under -1.8 I assume this is low

I now I can boost the audio levels in the timeline
but what is a good range for the recorded audio levels
when they first come in to FCP ?
I have footage that's coming in at -2.4 dbs and peaking
a little above that and under -1.8
I assume this is lower than optimum

The replay answer
The dynamic range of your mix is dependent on the final viewing environment. For example, movie theaters have large, relatively expensive sound systems that can reproduce a large dynamic range. Television speakers are much smaller, and often the listening environment has more ambient noise, so very quiet sounds may not even be noticeable unless the overall signal is compressed and the level increased, which reduces the dynamic range.
For example, television stations normally accommodate only 6 dB between the average loudness and the peaks. Dolby Digital feature film soundtracks, on the other hand, can accommodate up to 20 dB between average and peak levels. This is why loud sounds in a movie theater sound so loud: they are much louder than the average level.
When you mix your final audio, you choose a consistent reference for the average level. When you choose the average reference level, you are actually choosing how much additional headroom you have before your signal distorts. The higher you set the average level, the less safety margin you have for peaks in the signal. This means that the loudest sounds in your mix cannot be much louder than the average levels, and so the mix is less dynamic.
Acceptable amount of dynamic range:
Theatrical Dolby Digital 20 dB
Average videotape 12 dB
Television broadcast 6 dB
If you set the reference level of the Final Cut Pro floating audio meter to –20 dBFS, you have nearly 20 dB of headroom, since 0 dBFS is the digital limit for the loudest sound. If you set the reference level in your sequence to –12 dBFS instead, you have less headroom. Even though the average level of your audio is higher, there won’t be as much dynamic range.
How much dynamic range you allow in your audio mix depends on its ultimate destination. If you’re editing a program for TV broadcast, a reference level of –12 dBFS is fine, since you are only allowed 6 dB of dynamic range anyway. But if you’re working on a production to be shown in movie theaters, consider using a reference level closer to –18 or even –20 dBFS (both of these are frequently used standards).
Remember that the ultimate goal is to ensure that audio doesn’t peak over 0 dBFS in your mix (as displayed in the Final Cut Pro audio meters) and won’t peak over +3 dB or so on an analog meter.
With a little help from the Final Cut Pro User Manual, "Audio Levels, Meters, and Output Channels". Pages 58 - 59.

Go to See the other 5 answers

Trouble viewing audio levels in Voice Over tool

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

Hello, I often record voice over into Final Cut Pro using the Voice Over tool. In the middle section of the Voice Over window there is a 'Level' meter that flashes Green to Yellow and Red, illustrating the level of audio being fed into the Mac. For s[More]

Flash audio level drop outs (Windows 8.1)

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

Hey, Using adobe flash, I've been having issues with to audio nearly dropping out to nearly inaudible levels on mutiple websites. Anything that does use the flash player, it seems to be triggered when I plug in another device into the computer for us[More]

I no longer have sound when playing my clips through adobe premiere elements 12. How to I correct this problem? I have checked all audio levels and there is no mute on etc. I have updated to 12.1. Still no sound.

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

I no longer have sound when playing my clips through adobe premiere elements 12. How to I correct this problem? I have checked all audio levels and there is no mute on etc. I updated to 12.1, but still no sound in any clips. Even not on old files whi[More]

Setting audio level points?

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

I am trying to change the level of an audio in a sequence. I double clicked the audio clip to open the waveform in the Viewer. I know there is a way to select various spots on the audio waveform and mark them. Then you can drag the audio level line t[More]

Audio Levels in Final Cut Pro 6.0.5

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

Is it possible to destructively alter the audio levels of a source clip to be higher than +12db? Also, similarly, is it possible to destructively alter the midrange frequencies? I have a lot of material to work through, and applying audio filters see[More]

Audio levels on an external monitor vary during playback when using HDMI audio

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

I've been having issues with movie playback using a large 1080p HDMI TV.   During playback the audio level will come in strong, go faint, then go strong again, but not on any sort of pattern I could discern.   It did this on three seperate movies leg[More]

Audio levels automation in real time?

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

Hi, Is it possible to automate the audio levels in REAL TIME? (using the mouse or an external mixer controller) (automating one audio level at a time would be enough) Thanks!PPlease use feedback to make a feature request. We really do need some audio[More]

Different Audio Levels in Edit View vs. Multitrack View

Category:DefaultRelease time:2015-10-11Views:130

Here's what happens... I begin a new session. I then import a .wav file and it appears in the left column. I double-click the .wav so I'm in Edit View. When I play the clip, it ranges from about -9 to -6 dB. Now I go back to Multitrack View without h[More]

Audio levels on my SONY PCM D50 portable recorder

Category:DefaultRelease time:-0001-11-30Views:130

Hello, I am unable to get any audio levels on my SONY PCM D50 recorder. I use it very infrequently and i has never failed me otherwise, but suddenly this problem. I am sure that i have set to MIC (as sooposed to line), I DO NOT have it on the -20db s[More]

Audio levels on the timeline & Audio Mixer

Category:DefaultRelease time:-0001-11-30Views:130

I'm confused why when you change the audio levels on a clip using the Audio Mixer it changes the levels for everything on the track? I'm from an FCP & Avid background where you can adjust each clip using the Audio Mixer, is there a way I can do this?[More]

How do I adjust audio levels at various points on timeline??

Category:DefaultRelease time:-0001-11-30Views:130

How do I make volume level adjustments in a single clip on the FCP-X timeline?  I have a music bed and need to adjust audio levels at various points in the song.  In past Final Cut programs.  This should be very easy but I can't find how to do it in[More]

we do credit memo for one sales order, in the sales order document flow, the credit memo accounting document's status is not cleared. how can we changed it to be cleared?Hi, Clearing will be done by finance after the payment is given to the customer. [More]
Hi, We develop a server-side application which receives incoming https connections using self-signed certificate. It was all ok while we were using Windows 7 or Windows 2008 as OS, but when our clients started installing Windows 8 as server OS they e [More]
I got the following message a week ago, it said controller error found on hardisk1. Any solution please ? Your HDD has the SMART Predict Failure function which monitors the HDD operating status. Your HDD is experiencing a problem and SMART monitoring [More]
I am trying to find the xml file in order to link R/3 to my portal I installed Netweaver 2004s but I am not able to link to R/3 I heard that I can use another xml file from another server and download it and change the config to match the new server [More]
As topic says, laptop speakers is not muted when activating sound through HDMI. Downgrading to 3.1 solves the problem. The laptop is an Asus UL30a. Last edited by KlavKalashj (2012-01-20 08:52:49)natestar13 wrote: Are you using Alsa or PulseAudio to [More]
Hello to all SRM experts, I've added two customer fields (earmarked funds and earmarked funds item) in the account assignment according to note 672960 using the INCL_EEW_PD_ACC_CSF structure. Now we need to add those fields to the standard account as [More]
Recently, my Ipod touch fell into the water so i have immediatly wiped it and connected to my computer. After that i have been able to turn it on. But i had an idea : put it in a bowl of rice. After some days it doesn't switch on anymore.Apple doesn' [More]
Hello! I'm using a matlab script block and I have a problem that i don't how to solve it, I want to import a column that in matlab is cell array or char array type. When you create an output in matlab script block you have to specify the data type... [More]
Using Oracle Net Manager, I am trying to make a connection to an external customer database. I get the ORA-12569: TNS:packet checksum failure message. I am able to connect to another customer's database so I believe I can effectively rule out anythin [More]
Several games I've downloaded constantly crash when I try to connect to Facebook. Sometimes it's just a matter of getting closer to my wifi base and sometimes I just have to open facebook directly, make sure it loads properly, then go back to the gam [More]